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The Belém Tower or the Torré de Belém as it is referred to, is one of the most visited places in the beautiful city of Lisbon, Portugal. The Portuguese Word Belém is derived word from an English word called Bethlehem. This landmark was constructed in the year 1515, during Manuel I of Portugal’s rule. 
 If one takes a closer look at the tower, it is but evident that the same was built as a defensive system to guard the entrance of the city and to protect the access to the Tagus estuary which could be attacked by John  II of Portugal.  Today the tower is used as a symbol to incorporate and display to the world the maritime elements and symbols of discoveries done by prominent voyagers like Vasco de Gama and Pedro Cabral. 
The tower was erected by the architect Francisco de Arruda on a small island on the right side of the river of Tagus surrounded by water on three sides. Built with the Manueline style, it includes many stonework motifs of the Discoveries, sculptures depicting historical …

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